Classification Of Drugs

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 When it comes down to medication, there are many types of drugs people should be aware of. Patients who take medication should know exactly what the type of drug it is and what is its effect on a person’s body. There are several types of drugs and some are stimulants, depressants, and hallucinogen.

What exactly is a stimulant? Stimulants (also known as “uppers”), is a class substance that impact can impact an individual’s body. Uppers increase alertness, energy and attention, as well as elevated blood pressure, heart rate and breathing. A prime example of a stimulant would be caffeine. Caffeine does not only help someone stay awake but also can cause heartburn, muscle aches and various types of side effects. Another example of a stimulant is Adderall. Adderall is a form of amphetamine which is used to treat attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and narcolepsy. Patients who take Adderall will have effects like increased blood pressure, heart rate, body temperature and decreased appetite. In additional to stimulants, cocaine is a powerful and very addictive substance. Cocaine increases the natural level of dopamine which is the brains hormone response for a potential reward. Cocaine affects the body by the increased body temperature, blood pressure, and faster heart rate.

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Depressants are often known as “downers”, is a type of drug that can lead to symptoms such as drowsiness, relaxation, coma, and even death. One of the most popular depressants would be alcohol. Alcohol is one of the main ingredients found beer, wine or liquor. Consumption of too much alcohol will lead to slurred speech, heart damage, and many health problems. Another great example of a depressant would be cannabis. Cannabis also known as marijuana, it is used to produce hemp fiber and as medicine. Marijuana can induce effects like slowed reaction time, dizziness and breathing problems. Not only does cannabis effect reaction time but also Xanax. Xanax also known as alprazolam, is used to treat anxiety and panic disorders. Alprazolam can include both physical and mental symptoms such as drowsiness, memory problems, and difficulty concentrating.

Hallucinogen is a diverse type of drugs that can interfere with a person’s mood, sleep, memory and intensified feelings or experiences. Not only does hallucinogens effects a person’s mood but, also causes hallucination or sensations in a person’s perspective of reality that appear to be real when it is not. A great example of hallucinogen would lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD). LSD is made from lysergic acid, which is found ergot. The effects of LSD can include an extreme change in mood; increased blood sugar, heart rate, and blood pressure. Another hallucinogen would be salvia. Salvia is an herb from the mint family often used for its hallucinogenic effects. Salvia can induce hallucinations, visual disturbances, dizziness and more. Another key point of hallucinogens would be psilocin. Psilocin is a compound that is naturally produced by hundreds of mushrooms. Effects of psilocin can include symptoms like hallucinations, psychotic reaction or impaired judgment.

There are several types of drugs people should be aware of such as stimulants, depressants and hallucinogens. People who are aware of the consequences of drugs understands its harm on the body.

Works Cited

  1. The Recovery Village. (2018, April 18). Types of Drugs. Retrieved from The Recovery Village:   


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