Communist Manifesto: Arguing That Emerging Capitalism Was Also Destructive Of Stable Social Life
The Manifesto pamphlet highlighted the Principles of communism was composed against the background of those larger, longstanding past developments back in 1847 by the German communist League and then handed to Marks who constructed the theoretical elements of its principles to a masterpiece known today as “Communist Manifesto”. (Boyer, 1998, p. 1). The emergence of Industrial capitalism and the contemporary industrial working class in Western Europe, in conjunction with the communalist movements that expanded of these historical evolutions are the core view of the Manifesto (Boyer, 1998, P. 2). This essay will discuss the concept of emerging capitalism as viewed by Marks and will explain to what extend Marks in the communist Manifesto was arguing that emerging capitalism was likewise destructive of stable social life for many people. In February 1848, the manifesto was published in London. At some time, revolution across Europe were beginning but no remarkable influence of the manifesto took place (Boyer, 1998).
The continual reforming of the production processes and instruments production is the reason why bourgeoisie exist. Those revolutions have influenced the relations of production as well as the whole relations of the society (Boyer, 1998). The bourgeoisies has played a huge rule in revolution history.
In the communist manifesto, Marks considered the nature of capitalism different to all other social forms for the reason that capitalism requires continuous change and endless improvement of productive forces in order to improve the efficiency of labor to gain profit (Wood, 1998, p. 9). Ties and relationships between employers and workers have been cut by the bourgeoisie and it became only about wages. As Irishmen migrated to big manufacturing towns on search for jobs. Those cities were so crowded and workers lived in horrible conditions including poor build houses with minimum ventilations. Adding to that workers conditions long-standing hours. In cotton factories for instance, workers had to work in moist, poorly ventilated rooms, which influenced worker’s health, mainly women and kids. All those factors contributed to the increase of death rates and to the spread of diseases in Europe, as a result of the development of capitalism. (Marx and Engles, 1848). Within capitalism system, the need for maximize profit to survive build a pressure on the system which was forced on capital by the very nature of that system. Such pressure has never been placed on any other system the same way. Capitalism not only involves owning personal assets but it comes with social status, therefore capitalism is a collective product and it could only be effective and set in motion if set by combined actions of all members of the society (Marx and Engels, 1848). Society is in a state of battle between rich and poor and how the society uses a system called capitalism, which keeps the proletariat poor, and the bourgeoisies wealthier, which that will lead to revolution between the two social classes. Marx believed that capitalism is an economic system that is inadequate in his perspective.
On the other hand, the establishment of the capitalism led to the creation of great cities with huge factories and plenty of job opportunities. (Boyer, 1989) Modern industry has affected class’s struggles. In the modern historical era, the two main great social classes were the bourgeoisie and the proletariat. However, since the industrial revolution, the bourgeoisie seized political control and they had the power to manage common affairs of all bourgeoisies and eventually ended the feudal and patriarchal relationships amongst owners and workforces (Boyer, 1998). Marx believed the social life would be critical by capitalism, which will harm the living standards.
Modern industry transformed small workshops into giant factories of the industrial capitalist. Although. Marks believes that capitalism will extent universally as low-priced mass merchandisers are furmenty good, he was arguing that emerging capitalism was also destructive of stable social life for many people because it mainly effected the proletarians which considered to be the lowest stratum of our current society. Those people work in factories owned by bourgeoisies and because they are affected, they will eventually become revolutionary as per Marks’s view. Social changes encountered during industrial revolution. Workers had to travel to urban areas towards manufacturing, industrial cities. Despite the fact that economic growth hinge on workforces, workers paid less while their employers building wealth as a result Marks believes that revolution is a matter of time. (Marx and Engels, p 28)
The history of classes still struggles and been splitting up into two categories which are directly facing each other” Bourgeoisie and Proletariat”. (Marx and Engels, 1848). The bourgeoisie had taken the ruling and carried the development of industrial uprising. (Wood, 1998) The difficulty of capitalism based on Marx’s perspective would be the excessively attention on profit which may lead to economic and social inequalities. Communists system makes the government owns everything; the proletarian is the disadvantaged class and end up having nothing to secure and no property. They had to work for the bourgeoisie to survive and make more profits. In addition, the proletariat do not have the power or the control to be masters of their productivity to the society. (Marx and Engles, 1848). The social impacts of capitalism would be the social inequality, economic inequality and unfair distribution of power and wealth. The purpose of the manifesto was for Enlightenment commitment to human development. (Wood, 1998)
Marks highlighted the struggle between classes, particularly the collisions between bourgeoisies and the proletariats. During the expansion of the proletariats, bourgeoisie engaged in several battles, including battles with aristocracy, and then it battled the portion of itself that went against the progress of industry. On the hand, weapons to fight bourgeoisies as well as elements for education and politics supplied to proletariat by bourgeois itself (Marx and Engles, 1848). Marks framed his theory of old ages classes, which he assumed as sequences of class struggles that would lead unescapably to the revolution of the bourgeoisie by the proletariat.
In conclusion, this essay discussed Marx views in the communist Manifesto in regards to emerging capitalism and its destructive role to the stable social lives of others. Supported by evidence-based literatures, this essay discussed the origins of the communist Manifesto. The struggle between different old classes, bourgeoisie and proletariat class were highlighted. Marks assumed in his theory of class struggles that revolution against bourgeoisie is unavoidable due to the huge contract between workers and job owners.
- Boyer, G. R. (1998). The historical background of the Communist Manifesto. Journal of Economic Perspectives, 12(4), 151-174.
- Wood, E. M. (1998). The Communist Manifesto After 150 Years. Monthly Review, 50(1), 14.
- Marx, K. (2011). Manifesto of the Communist Party (共產黨宣言). Hyweb Technology Co. Ltd..