Definition Of The Green Revolution And Its Impact For The Farmers

  • Words 845
  • Pages 2
Download PDF

Green revolution was started in the 1960’s to increase food production and find a solution to feed the millions of malnourished people in India. Green revolution has helped increase production of food grains by opting high yield varieties to the use of pesticides, and better management techniques. However, the benefits experienced have been unequal across different regions in the country.

India being the second populous country in the world needs to understand how farmers are affected since they feed the entire population of the developing country. More than half of the population in India is malnourished hence looking for measures that can increase productivity and help farmers is very important.

Click to get a unique essay

Our writers can write you a new plagiarism-free essay on any topic

Small farmers lack the knowledge and funds to take advantage of green revolution there has been uneven distribution among various classes. There are four significant impacts of the spatial and social differences brought about by the Green revolution in India. These are: the change from customary practical strategies to mono-cropping and unreasonable practices; savagery and a disintegration of the feeling of network among farmers; the loss of numerous small farmers’ landholdings to enormous commercial farmers; and expanded suicide paces of little farmers.

The Green Revolution innovation employed the utilization of new high-yielding assortments of seeds as well as chemical fertilizers. The issue with indigenous seeds was not that they were not high-yielding, rather it was their inability to face overwhelming utilization of synthetic compounds. The new assortments were made related to the manures to cooperate with substantial water system to deliver better returns. independently, the seeds just as the fertilizers were genuinely inadequate, however utilized together they were guaranteed to twofold or even triple harvest yields

Change From Traditional to Unsustainable Farming Practices

Up until the Green Revolution, cultivates in India were subsistence-based and planted with various indigenous types of plants. Between each column of harvests were different yields, utilizing area and water.

Biophysicist A.V. Balasubramanian established the Center for Indian Knowledge Systems as an approach to advance customary Indian agribusiness. In his examination of little cultivating networks he found that for every little geological district, every caste had its own space in resource misuse and use. Along these lines, there was no competition and assets were not overexploited. This permitted small communities to be free and self-continuing, allowing each individual to partake in the locale’s economy.

Farmers slowly learned the concept of green revolution. Large farmers shifted to monocropping , in which only one type of crop was cultivated rather then many, just like traditional methods monocropping allows farmers to grow a crop that is more in demand, but it has its ill effects on the soil. It involves clearing up of large patches of plantation. Farmers that perform monocropping leave their fields uncultivated for short periods, thus soil becomes unable to replenish its nutrients. Various yields have various needs, and planting more than one kind allows the soil to energize what supplements a specific harvest doesn’t require in anticipation of the following harvest. however, The soil doesn’t get that sort of a break with an arrangement of monocropping. Also, farmers that utilize monocropping techniques need higher contributions of synthetic composts.

The Green Revolution bundle offered high yielding seeds and the guarantee of twofold or triple yields. This included the utilization of synthetic compounds to improve the nature of the soil as well as prevent pests and bugs. Since, the native crops could not withstand chemical application, farmers had to shift to seeds that could. These high yielding seeds had a very narrow genetic makeup and farmers were soying just one crop at a time, this resulted in the displacement of indigenous species as well as generations of agricultural system that was based on knowledge received over centuries. Since monocropping involved clearing of the tress that protected the fields made them vulnerable to soil erosion and plants sensitive to high pressure winds and sunlight.

This switch of farmers from the traditional methods to mono cropping had negative effects on small farmers. They were trapped in high interests rates of fertilizers, pesticides and seeds as they had to buy them on credit

Loss of Small Farms to Large Commercial Farms

Green Revolution has increased food production and eliminated hunger by introducing bio engineered seeds and chemicals, which help in increasing yield. However, smaller farmers came under debt and had to take loans and sell land to afford this technology. Farmers were left impoverished and many also committed suicide.

As indicated by horticultural analyst Peter Rosset, there are three significant exercises we can take from the Green Revolution: First, where farmland is purchased and sold like some other product and society permits the boundless gathering of farmland by a couple, superfarms supplant family homesteads and all of society endures. Second, where the principle makers of nourishment – small farmers and homestead laborers – need dealing power compared with providers of farm inputs and food advertisers, makers get a contracting portion of the awards from cultivating. Third, where predominant innovation demolishes the very reason for future creation, by debasing the soil and producing pests and weed issues, it turns out to be progressively troublesome and expensive to support yields.


We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we’ll assume you board with our cookie policy.