International Corporate Governance

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International Corporate Governance 


One of the greatest issues about the management of MNC has to perform with corporate governance. For the level that an organisation spends in subsidiaries or its personal subsidiaries in nations abroad, it will be issued to a scope of legal, cultural and regulatory commitments, in all things about corporate governance in the destination nation. Amongst the goals of good corporate governance are goals for example transparency, the lessening of conflicts of affairs between groups such as stakeholders and management; small and large stakeholders; employees and managers and many more, proficiently giving scare assets or the innovation promotion amid others. The following report will discuss of multination companies and how they accept corporate governance processes and decisions for accommodating diverse national and regulatory essentials.

How do multinational companies adapt their corporate governance procedures and decisions to accommodate the different national and regional regulatory requirements?

According to Aguilera and Crespi-Cladera (2016), corporate governance is considered to be the method through which organisations are directed and managed. BOD is accountable for the governance of their organizations. The role of shareholders in governance is to appoint the directors and auditors as well as to satisfy themselves that a proper structure of governance is ready. Clark and Brown (2015) has made research on a more open systems approach to global corporate governance systems, observing them as implanted in diverse national and sectoral institutions and affected distinctively by international pressures. Bhagat and Bolton (2019) propose that the principal-agent model is under socialized and acultural; thus a socialising framing of corporate governance is far more applicable. They criticise that a governance of a firm is in a continual adjustment state like agents and principals involve in recursive individual cycles and shared sense-making in the endeavour to develop more effectual observing and incentive systems. In their opinions, influences on insights and attitudes as well as behaviours origins from socialization experiences in the work place and are set in the national organisational context of the firm- its values and routines as well norms.

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Coming to the distictive kinds of government system coexist in respects to the nation in question from diverse viewpoints. From the viewpoint of stakeholders- there are nations wherein they have a high rate of participation in the organisation, whilst in other nations, such as in the UK and the US, most of the stakeholding of the organisation is diffused- specifically in organisations which are enlisted on the stock exchange as per Aguilera, Marano and Haxhi (2019). The existence of family in the stakeholders of firms also differs from a nation to the other and the existence of fiscal bodies in certain nations fiscal organisations cannot contribute in the capital of non-financial organisations however in other nations, not just can they take part, it is also extremely common. The state role as a stakeholder or institutional funds will alter from a nation to the other, along with the level of legal security of minority stakeholders- righst for example vite per share, potential of voting by mail and or the shares blocking that a shareholder has before the construction of a general meeting of stakeholders, amid others.

Moreover Vargas-Hernández (2017) argued that global organisations need to perform in respects to the executive viewpoint, it is essential to deem who the executives will be in the diverse nations what their training and development is, their professional career (such as thinking about who will be eligible for production, marketing or finance domain and so on) they have examined, what will be the autonomy that administrators will enjoy when forming decisions what their salaries and incentives and roles will be in the BOD.

On the other hand, Yao and Liu (2019) as for the BOD, it will differ from a nation to nation, in respects of structure, functions, and composition and size and not for only the executive or government systems. A very significant factor is that the firm examines in every one of the marketplaces where it functionalises what is the level of independence of the board with regard to the executive directors, what is the level of independence of the diverse board committees, the circumstance in contexts of directors in general to various firms. Alternatively Chakabuda (2018) counter argued that there is an issue that has to perform with homophily and diversity. There has been an immense pressure in some nations to develop the diversity of BOD and this is an aspect the firm has to accept to as it extends all over the globe. In this factor, Averchenkova, et al., (2015) has currently done a research regarding women promotion in the BOD of listed organisations.

Filatotchev, Poulsen and Bell (2019) also stated that the firms need to consider what are the rights of bond holders should be issued by the firm, workforce and other groups of interests however author counter argued that diverse legal systems are not similar in nations that are governed by civil law for example Spain than in common law nations for example Anglo Saxon nations. Therefore, organisations enlisted in nations with a civil law base generally have a higher stake holding concentration, inclined to distribute less dividends and acquiring lower valuations of stock market, amongst other factors which at last causes a lower extent of market development.

Thus for above reasons it is to suggest for the firms which desire to globalise plan well the structure of corporate governance of the new firm and the aspects that may be influenced in diverse nations, the structure of ownership of the subsidiaries in the abroad and the benefits and demerits of pulling out the subsidiary on the stock exchange in the destination nation, since if it were perform so, it would be wholly issued to the regulation and legislation that has to perform with corporate governance of enlisted firms in the destination country.


Thus from the above discussion, it is clear that all multinational businesses need to maintain specific rules and principles as per set by the government of different nations. Following them is not so easy and has different challenges which need to be met by proper strategic management.

Reference list

  1. Aguilera, R.V. and Crespi-Cladera, R., 2016. Global corporate governance: On the relevance of firms’ ownership structure. Journal of World Business, 51(1), pp.50-57.
  2. Aguilera, R.V., Marano, V. and Haxhi, I., 2019. International corporate governance: A review and opportunities for future research. Journal of International Business Studies, pp.1-42.
  3. Averchenkova, A., Crick, F., Kocornik-Mina, A., Leck, H. and Surminski, S., 2015. Multinational corporations and climate adaptation–Are we asking the right questions? A review of current knowledge and a new research perspective. Grantham Research Institute on Climate Change and the Environment Working Paper, 183.
  4. Bhagat, S. and Bolton, B., 2019. Corporate governance and firm performance: The sequel. Journal of Corporate Finance, 58, pp.142-168.
  5. Chakabuda, N., 2018. A multinational perspective: corporate governance, weak state transparency and financial performance (Doctoral dissertation, University of Pretoria).
  6. Clark, C. and Brown, J.A., 2015. Multinational corporations and governance effectiveness: Toward a more integrative board. Journal of business ethics, 132(3), pp.565-577.
  7. Filatotchev, I., Poulsen, A. and Bell, R.G., 2019. Corporate governance of a multinational enterprise: Firm, industry and institutional perspectives. Journal of Corporate Finance, 57, pp.1-8.
  8. Vargas-Hernández, J.G., 2017. The Power of Multinational Companies in a Global World: The Focus of Corporate Governance and Its Impact on Business Ethics. In Business Ethics and Leadership from an Eastern European, Transdisciplinary Context (pp. 53-64). Springer, Cham.
  9. Yao, Y. and Liu, L., 2019, September. Research on Corporate Governance of Multinational Enterprises. In 2019 International Conference on Advanced Education and Social Science Research (ICAESSR 2019). Atlantis Press.


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