Issues Of Overpopulation And Overconsumption Of Resources

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Issues of Overpopulation and Over-consumption of Resources


The world now has an unobstructed choice. We can decide to rebalance the utilization of resources to reframe our monetary qualities to genuinely reflect what our consumption implies for our planet and to help people the world over to settle on educated and free regenerative decisions. Or then again we can decide to sit idle and to float into a descending vortex of economic, socio-political and ecological ills, prompting a progressively inconsistent and unfriendly future.

The rate of population growth is as yet expanding. As the total populace develops, utilization of water, food, and energy is growing at a rate that can’t be kept up without exhausting the planet’s assets. On the off chance that we neglect to address these two issues together, we face a dark eventual fate of financial, social and ecological ills.

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As a populace develops, it’s put under strain. This weight can emerge out of a lack of resources to nourish, shelter; malady; war; or absence of enough space. The weight can be mitigated by relocation. Wars, illnesses, and starvation additionally lessen the weight by murdering off a segment of the populace. Truth be told, the reason for Thomas Malthus’ renowned populace hypotheses is that the human populace will unavoidably develop past the capacity of the Earth to support it, bringing about self-adjusting (and unsavory) pressures.

Malthus’ thought is sometimes known as ‘the Population Bomb’ (or Malthusian Population Theory), and it picked up prevalence with the development of natural development during the 1970s.

The world now has an unobstructed choice. We can decide to rebalance the utilization of resources to reframe our monetary qualities to genuinely reflect what our consumption implies for our planet and to help people the world over to settle on educated and free regenerative decisions. Or then again we can decide to sit idle and to float into a descending vortex of economic, socio-political and ecological ills, prompting a progressively inconsistent and unfriendly future.

Our defenselessness to these components is based on population density, the number of people per unit of area. Since the Industrial Revolution, urbanization has caused an enormous increment in population density in urban communities. The most elevated population density at any point presumably happened in the Kowloon Walled City territory of Hong Kong. At a certain point, around 50,000 individuals lived in a mega block that was around 150 meters by 200 meters in area

[source: Tofu Magazine].

The almost no law region was emptied and torn down to clear a path for a recreation center. Today, the regions of most prominent population density are clearly in major urban territories. India and China have huge zones of seriously high populace thickness [source: NASA Visible Earth].

The paces of the population growth of the different nations of the world are just the contrasts between their birth and demise rates. Worldwide migration is an insignificant factor in the pace of development today. In this manner, one can comprehend the shifting paces of populace development of various pieces of the world by understanding what underlies their birth and death rates.

Data analyzed by Thomas Karl, of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, showed that total winter precipitation in the United States had increased by 10 percent since 1900 and that ‘extreme precipitation events’ — rainstorms that dumped more than two inches of water in twenty-four hours and blizzards — had increased by 20 percent. That’s because warmer air holds more water vapor than the colder atmosphere of the old earth; more water evaporates from the ocean, meaning more clouds, more rain, more snow. Engineers designing storm sewers, bridges, and culverts used to plan for what they called the ‘hundred-year storm.’ That is, they built to withstand the worst flooding or wind that history led them to expect in the course of a century. Since that history no longer applies, Karl says, ‘there isn’t really a hundred-year event anymore … we seem to be getting these storms of the century every couple of years.’ [course reading p.269 bill]

In ‘A Special Moment in History’, McKibben recognizes the dubiousness crowds ought to have for Malthusian arguments. That is those alerts that people’s time on Earth is reaching an end. History has demonstrated the different Malthusians who have jumped up throughout the decades to not be right. In the wake of understanding this, the group of spectators is led cautious concerning any Malthusian warnings. Nonetheless, McKibben then continues to add himself to the not insignificant rundown of Malthusians.

By reading the essay “The tradegy of commons” by Garrett Hardin I think that Hardin fears desperate outcomes when a population shares a limited asset. Unbounded on singular use, the asset will definitely be drained. Sea nations overfish the seas until species become wiped out. Without worry for the house, enterprises pour sewage, chemical, heat, and vapor into the air and water, prompting the degradation of nature and the potential destruction of life. As per Hardin, these catastrophes of the commons legitimately result from overpopulation. In his very own work, Hardin sees the world’s normal and produced assets as the commons and overpopulation as the power that fates it to inevitable destruction. Similarly, as the grazing area was exhausted, the world’s assets, in the end, won’t have the option to help the quickly developing human population. [course reading 2]

Overpopulation results in Poverty, infant morality, biodiversity loss, pollution, potential ecological collapse, depletion of fresh water, land, fossil fuels, food and in the end warfare and conflict over dwindling resources. Locales with the most elevated number of populace density feel the critical impacts and issues of overpopulation. Because of migration, the decrease in death rates, restorative leaps forward, and expanded birth rates, populaces will consistently increment and in the long run offers ascend to overpopulation.

Indian women fill their containers with drinking water from the mobile water tankers in Hyderabad. India’s huge and growing population is putting a severe strain on all of the country’s natural resources.

One of the article “overpopulation exaggerated concern climate change world population” from states that “the truth is that overpopulation in the United States is not even close to a serious problem. Even globally, overpopulation is an overstated problem.

It’s simplest to start with just the United States. How many people can the country support? Because I am an agricultural economist by profession, my bias is to first think about food. One simple question is how many people can the United States feed? Well, our net agricultural exports account for about 25 percent of the physical volume of agricultural production, which suggests that if we redirected those exports internally, the US could probably support approximately 25 percent more people. That’s assuming current technology and current diets and current land use.

In short, we could feed more than 400 million people, total, merely by consuming locally what we now export.”

Concerns about population growth are especially irrelevant in low-growth countries like the US, but it matters in the countries like India where the population is around one billion three hundred fifty million, resources matters there, people are starving to death and who all are able to get one time meal i.e. enough to survive does not get other basic needs of survival. Alongside an increasing demand for fundamental needs, the gap between those who are well off and the poor is striking.

According to a report prepared by a group of scientists and other experts for the Royal Society, “A similar gap holds for food and energy: While average consumption of calories has increased, in 2010 “close to one billion people did not receive enough calories to reach their minimum dietary energy requirements.” Per capita emissions of CO2 “are up to 50 times higher in high income than low income countries, with energy insufficiency a major component of poverty.”

The universal network must bring the individuals living on under $1.25 every outing of outright neediness, and diminish the imbalance that endures on the planet today.

The most created and the rising economies must balance out and afterward lessen material utilization levels through emotional enhancements in asset use effectiveness, including diminishing waste; interest in manageable assets, advances and frameworks; and methodically decoupling monetary action from ecological effect.

Regenerative wellbeing and willful family arranging projects critically require political initiative and monetary responsibility, both broadly and globally. This is expected to proceed with the descending direction of richness rates, particularly in nations where the neglected requirement for contraception is high

The populace and the earth ought not to be considered as two separate issues. Statistic changes and the effects on them ought to be considered into a monetary and natural discussion and arranging at worldwide gatherings

Governments ought to understand the capability of urbanization to diminish material utilization and ecological effect through proficiency measures. The all-around arranged arrangement of water supply, squander transfer, control and different administrations will stay away from ghetto conditions and increment the welfare of occupants.


  1. Funkhouser, D., Funkhouser, D., Judge, A., & Emma. (2019, July 31). Population, Consumption and the Future. Retrieved from
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  5. Pojman, L. P., & McKibben, B. (2017). Environmental ethics: readings in theory and application. A Special moment in History: The Challenge of Overpopulation and Overconsumption.
  6. Schmidtz, D., Willott, E., & Hardin, G. (2019). Environmental ethics: what really matters, what really works. The Tragedy of The Commons, New York: Oxford University Press.
  7. Stone, L. (2018, July 11). Why you shouldn’t obsess about ‘overpopulation’. Retrieved from


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