Mahatma Gandhi: Brief Biography

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Mahatma Gandhi was a great politician, leader, statesman, scholar and freedom fighter. He was a public figure. He led the freedom movement. It was under his leadership that India got independence from British rule after years of struggle. He launched many freedom movements to liberate the country from the rule of foreigners. He was the apostle of peace and non-violence.

Mahatma Gandhi was born in a middle-class family of Gujarat on 2nd October 1869. His father was the Diwan of. Rajkot. His mother was a highly religious woman. Mahatma Gandhi was an average student in his childhood. He was very regular and during his schooling. As a boy, he was influenced by Harishchandra and Sarwan Kumar. He was very truthful in his childhood. Mahatma Gandhi received his early education at home. At the age of 17, he passed his matriculation examination. He went to England to study law. When he completed his studies, he returned to India and began to practice at the Bombay High Court. When he had to go to South Africa in connection with a case, he was deeply hurt to see the discrimination made against the non-whites there. They were made victims of the policies of the White government. This changed his mind. He fought for their rights. He underwent sufferings but remained steadfast in his convictions.

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Gandhiji entered politics when he returned to India. He was touched to see the plight of the masses. He fought with the British government with his tools of ahimsa and Satyagraha, i.e. non-violence and truth. In fact, he made his first experiment with non-violence in South Africa. He used the same weapon in his fight against the British. He suffered a lot for the cause of the public. He sacrificed everything for the sake of the people. He started many movements to uproot the British from Indian soil. He started the Non-Cooperation movement, Civil Disobedience Movement and Quit India movement. He went to England to attend the Second Round Table Conference. He fought for the cause of his countrymen with courage and conviction.

Gandhiji was a great social reformer. He worked hard to improve the lives of women and the downtrodden. He advocated social justice and equality. He criticised casteism, untouchability, pardah system, child marriage, etc. He promoted women education. He called the untouchables harijan. His approach to various problems was non-violent. He was a great man of action. He taught the Indians the value of working with their own hands. He taught us the dignity of labour. He worked for Hindu-Muslim unity. When there were communal riots in different parts of the country, he risked his life to restore peace there. He was an apostle of peace. He was a friend of all and enemy of none. He was a God-fearing person.

Mahatma Gandhi’s life is an example of peace, dedication, sacrifice and devotion. He was an ardent patriot. He is fondly called Bapu. He is also known as Father of Nation. His birthday on 2nd October is celebrated as national festival every year. This great soul of peace and love was shot dead by a frantic Hindu Nathuram Godse on 30th January 1948. His death was a big national loss. It created a vacuum in the life of the nation. His life and teaching has lasting impressions on the mind of the people. Jawaharlal Nehru called him as the ‘Light of the Nation’. 

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