Population Growth Of India

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A transcending generation has imposed many growth and changes in terms of human numbers and their increasing attributes. Through improving studies and human intellects to cover various fields of social, economic, and cultural factors, in support of this doctrine, geography can be referred to as has been always focusing on the physical environment and its effects on humans. Today, the growth of the population is considered important in terms of resource management, infrastructural development, and in determining to solve modern problems. Because of this, population growth studies of India have been done, focused on by analyzing, comparing, and compiling various literature and statistics on inter-state demographic data from the past to the present.

India, initial days of evolution under conditions of high mortality due to famines, accidents, illness, infections, and war, when relatively high levels of fertility were essential for species survival. Over years better-equipped facilities in dealing with diseases and unexpected nature, it has witnessed a significant increase in life expectancy along with a steep fall in mortality. Confronted with Malthusian growth, changing social mores and stimulated by government interventions, the population did respond to steps to reduce fertility, but it continued to increase in number of women in reproductive age has led to a high number of births each year Consequently, the seven billion people in the world, India along with China already occupies a place in the Billionaire club and is likely to overtake China by 2025.

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As per UN estimates, The population of the World grew at an annual rate of 1.23 percent during 2000-2010 with developing countries like India registering a higher worth rate. The population of developed countries like Japan & the USA grew at a slower pace with Russia even witnessing a population decline. China registered a much lower growth rate (third lowest in top ten most populous countries behind Russia & Japan, in fact much lower than the USA). It is now estimated that India will overtake China as the most populous country by 2025-30 even though the growth rate has slowed down even in the case of India. The decadal growth rate in the case of India was 17.7 % compared to 21.5 % in the previous decade.

Based on the history of all the developed countries, it can be found out that human capital is a foremost component of human capital growth. This can be basically said from the fact that resources essential for economic growth are driven by the accessibility of human capital.


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