The Education System In Uzbekistan

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The education system in Uzbekistan has been changing throughout the years whether it is minor or relatively big alterations. In a recent year, population witnessed dramatic change which was actually transition in secondary schools from 9 to 11-year education system. So, here is the question why did the government decide to modify education at school? I personally assert that early choice of pupils, problems in job market, and quality of colleagues and lyceums could lead to changes.

Firstly, the reason why the transition was necessary is that young people who study at school with 9-year education, faced with the problem of choosing the proper profession in too early ages without provision of practical knowledge. Pupil having no concepts about the sphere, he can realize himself in the future, needed to choose the college or lyceum which gives him particular knowledge according to his choice. Although it may seem advantageous, consequences can vary. For example, a pupil studying at college with a technical bias can come to idea that it is not his niche and three years at college were wasted. Nevertheless, spending at school additional two years can help for self-realization as pupil will not be limited by only one direction of study.

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Secondly, the change in education system can be caused by the number of qualified students in one common field. In the case of Uzbekistan, many families are not interested in high education of their children, so that they tend to direct their children to choose common professions such as being nurse at hospital. As a consequence, there were approximately five colleagues with the same faculty of medical treatment. Subsequently, there are number of unemployed people with a diploma of nurse who cannot get a job because of the reason that government do not capable of creating enough workplace for graduates. For avoiding high competition and unemployment in a job market, it was optimal to close some colleagues and turn to 11-year education.

Lastly, general level at colleagues and lyceums introduced some negative consequences. Teenagers are often enthusiastic about trying something new, especially, if there is more than enough free time, what can stop them to do what they want? as colleagues and lyceums do not control students as much as schools do. Accordingly, there were different accidents with the death of student at lesson time or commitment of a crime by the group of students.

In conclusion, the transition can be followed by reasons mentioned above. However, I hold an opinion that it is highly important to analyze the impact of this drastic change, as education level of young generation constructs the future of each country.         


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