Waste Crisis Social Mobility In Lebanon

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“Social mobility: is understanding any transition of an individual or social object or value-anything that has been created or modified by human activity-from one position to another. There are two principal types of social mobility, horizontal and vertical.”

Unfortunately, Lebanon suffer from waste crisis. It is common to hear about the pluralism of political parties in Lebanon which apparently call for reforms and building the country. But the real wish of those parties is to move to a higher social class as a means of getting privileges and authority as well as improving the standard of living instead of hard work. Therefore, we see that all of them struggle to gain positions and material benefits rather than doing required duties and tasks. This means that there will be people who are not eligible to receive these positions. Many presidents and officials have been replaced, yet their living conditions have improved, but the country’s problems have remained unsolved.

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Problem definition

The problem of waste appeared after the termination of suklin and sokome contract and not renewing it. This was because of the incompatibility on the required amount of money to do the task. This action in filling the landfills with waste as well as accumulating waste in the streets of Lebanon.

Who is affected by the problem?

All classes in the Lebanese society are affected by accumulating waste and bad smell


The social mobility related to waste problem in Lebanon has two objectives:

1) General objective:

It aims at finding solutions to problems in Lebanese society.

2) Special objective:

It aims at finding solutions to waste disposal and pollution in Lebanon.

Proposed policies

1) Policy on collection, separation and transfer of waste.

Through this policy, waste can be collected and then separated into groups as follows:

  • A) A group consisting of organic materials, some of which can be recycled, and the rest is buried.
  • B) A group consisting of electronic waste to be exported.
  • C) A group consisting of condensate waste that can be compressed, used or exported.

2) Government amendment policy

Here, the costs will be more time costs than financial costs since the process of government amendment takes a lot of time. Therefore, this policy is a long-term process.

In addition, the costs of obtaining the staff to form a committee whose job is investigation, follow up, control and accountability will be high.

3) Waste burning policy

This policy is preferred by the politicians because it required fewer financial resources. Here, the costs will be on the environment and health of citizens because of the huge damage resulting from this process, such as the emission of toxic gases or un controlling fire as well as other damages.

Benefits and costs


Policy 1

  • Cost of recycling per day 150$
  • The amount of waste is recycled per day 750 gram(0,0075ton)
  • Total 150*750 =112,500$ per day 1350000$ per year

1) Get rid of waste without affecting any other party.

2) The returns of exporting waste will cover the costs of recycling.

Policy 2

  • number of required employees 300
  • the minimum wage 467$ per month
  • Total 300*467=140,100$ per month 1,681,200$ per year

1) Restructuring and starting properly.

2) Accountability of defaulters

Policy 3

  • Cost of burning in a day 77$per ton
  • The amount of waste is burned per day 50 ton (5000000 gram)
  • Total 77*50=3850 per day 46200 per year

The only benefit of waste burning policy is the speed of progress

The policy I recommend

I recommend the policy of collection, separation and transfer of wastes. In my humble opinion, this policy is balanced in terms of costs and returns because it works to cover the costs on its own by using the proceeds from exports in the process costs. And does not require much time. In addition, this method was applied and succeeded in Kuala Lumpur.


  1. https://www.sociosite.net/sociologists/texts/sorokin_social_mobility.php
  2. https://www.thoughtco.com/benefits-of-recycling-outweigh-the-costs-1204141
  3. https://hummusforthought.com/2015/08/01/list-of-recycling-centers-in-lebanon/
  4. https://lebanonnh.gov/450/Solid-Waste-Recycling
  5. http://www.saidaonline.com/news.php?go=fullnews&newsid=40023


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